Transportation Roads Road surface analysis in the province shows that there is a total of 909.768 kilometers of national and provincial roads, 120.42 kilometers of which are concrete-paved, 308.885 kilometers or 33.95 per cent are asphalt-paved, 352.596 kilometers or 38.76 per cent are gravel roads and 127.867 kilometers or 14.05 per cent are earth continue reading : Infrastructure

Social Services

  Education The schools division of Oriental Negros used to have 29 school districts, each city and municipality being a school district, except Dumaguete City, it being another schools division.      However, in school-year 2001-2002, the Department of Education made the cities of Bais, Bayawan and Tanjay separate interim divisions, leaving 26 school districts under continue reading : Social Services

Basic Economic Services

  Agriculture Crops and Cereals Total land area in the province devoted to agriculture consists of 302,729 hectares, 167,515 hectares of which are planted to major crops, the rest are utilized for the cultivation of indusrial and minor crops. Irrigated fields contributed the bulk of the palay production with a 2.5 cropping per year which continue reading : Basic Economic Services

Human Resources

  Population The 2000 actual census shows a total population of 1,130,088 with 227,160 households.   Dumaguete City, the province’s capital, has the highest population with 102,265 followed by Bayawan City with 101,391, indicating a difference of 874 inhabitants. The municipality of Guihulngan has the highest population among the municipalities with 84,607 followed by Sta. Catalina continue reading : Human Resources

Natural Resources

  Land Classification Land classification with the respective environmental requirements or physical land characteristics is presented in this portion of the plan as a guide for the identification of land categories for protection and environmental considerations.  Protection Land Protection land is a portion of land and water set aside for its unique physical and biological significance continue reading : Natural Resources


  Citizenship Residents of Negros Oriental are mostly Filipinos.  Others include Chinese, British, Amercian, Algerian, German and others.   Citizenship and Total Number, 1990  Citizenship Total Number 1.  Filipino 921,963 2.  Chinese 378 3.  British 188 4.  American 123 5.  Algerian 17 6.  German 13 7.  Japanese 13 8.  Indian 13 9.  Australian 12 10. continue reading : Residents


Political History and Cultural History   The expedition of Ferdinand Magellan that arrived in the Philippines on March 16, 1521, and the succeeding expeditions in the following decades, has not been able to reach the island of Negros. It was only in 1571 or fifty years later when Legazpi came that the Spaniards discovered the continue reading : History

Capitol Building

The Provincial Capitol in Dumaguete City was built in 1924 during the American colonization of the Philippines.  The Provincial Capitol houses the Governor’s Office and other provincial government offices.  Its architecture was patterned after the Capitol in the United States of America.  The main body is Grecian, while the columns are Ionic. During this period continue reading : Capitol Building